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Fialka Toolkit
According to the checklist that came with each M-125 Fialka, the machine was supplied with a small toolkit that was used for daily maintenance and small repairs. It contained tools to open and adjust the machine, replace springs, remove paper remains from a blocked machine etc.
 
The image on the right shows a typical toolkit as it was supplied with one of the Fialka machines in our collection. It is a small canvas wallet in army green colour that can be unfolded to reveal the tools. When folded and closed, the wallet measures approx. 10 x 15 cm and can easily be carried in the pocket of a soldier's uniform.

The wallet consists of two halves, each of which is divided into pockets. Each pocket contains a single tool. The wallet was supplied with a wide variety of tools, such as screwdrivers, wrenches, pins, hooks, blades, tweezers, brackets, etc.
  
Contents of the toolkit

Some of the tools and brackets were made especially for the Fialka and were used to assist when aligning or adjusting the machine. There is, for example, a purpose-built bracket that was used for altering the width of the paper tape guide (behind the ink ribbon) when using the narrower (10 mm) paper tape instead of ordinary telex tape. Some of the tools that were originally supplied with the wallet may be missing from the item shown here. Toolkits of this type are very rare.
 
Closed Fialka toolkit Unlocked toolkit Opening the toolkit Unfolded toolkit Partly unfolded toolkit Top view of the Fialka toolkit Contents of the toolkit Contents of the toolkit

The image below shows the unfolded canvas wallet with several items stored in its pockets. As the left are three different wrenches, a small screwdriver, a pin and a hardened steel set of hooks. The latter were used for replacing a broken or temporarily removed spring. One side of the hook is used for pushing whilst the other side is for pulling springs. The pin is for removing paper.

Top view of the Fialka toolkit

The right half contains a couple of screwdrivers, pins and a variety of of 'specials'. There is a flexible metal spring blade that can be used to remove paper remains from the paper guides and a tool to adjust the paper guide behind the ink ribbon. The exact purpose of most of the specials is currently unknown. If you know more about their use, place contact us.
 
Oil can
Especially for oiling the moving parts of the machine, such as the axles, the bearings and the rotor spindle, a small oil can was supplied separately from the toolkit. It contained thin machine oil, similar to the oil used for a car.

The image on the right shows one of the very few Fialka oilers that have survived. It was rediscovered in 2007 in a former Fialka repair center in Czechoslovakia and has since been donated to Crypto Museum.
  
Fialka oil can

 
Fialka oil can Fialka oil can nozzle Fialka oil can reservoir

 
Further information

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Copyright 2009-2013, Paul Reuvers & Marc Simons. Last changed: Wednesday, 28 May 2014 - 20:22 CET
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